Award

Salient Research Achievements

Programme 1: Synthesis and validation of IPM Modules: Rice, Cotton, Horticultural crops, Pulses, Oilseeds, Protected Cultivation, Biocontrol, TSP

Rice

Synthesis and validation of location specific IPM module in different rice agro- ecosystem

Significant achievement  

  • IPM in Basmati rice has been successfully implemented in 417 ha in a cluster of villages by participation of 480 farmers.  IPM implementation resulted significant reduction in incidence of bakanae (Traces in IPM against 9.0 % in FP) and application of chemical pesticides [0.18 spray (96.6 g a.i. /ha) in IPM against 2.80 sprays (1064.4 g a.i. /ha) in FP] with higher yield [40.73 q/ha in IPM & 35.93 q/ha in FP] and B/c ratio [2.29 in IPM & 1.44 in FP].

  • Public Private Partnership: Proposal for large scale extension of IPM in Basmati rice received from an international subsidiary, Tilda Hains India Pvt Ltd is under consideration at ICAR level.

  • Demonstration of IPM module in 5 ha at farmers’ fields at Vellora, Paunskuli and Baniamari villages in Balasore district of Odisha (for low land rice)  and 1 ha at Ghog village in Borkhetriblock of Nalbari district in  Assam (Boro rice) –Collaboration with NRRI

Synthesis and validation of IPM in direct seeded rice

Significant achievement  

  • Validation trial on IPM conducted in direct seeded rice (DSR) in Basmati rice (Pusa 1121) in 10 ha at Ruksana (Karnal, Haryana) indicated highest yield in IPM with brown manure (55 q/ha) followed by IPM (52.5 q/ha) and FP (50 q/ha).

  • IPM validation in DSR conducted at Siddhangowda village (Koppal district, Karnataka) in collaboration with KVK Koppal (UAS, Raichur) in 10 ha in farmers’ participatory moderesulted significant reduction in the application of chemical pesticides as well as infestation of BPH and other pests.

Validation and promotion of IPM strategies for nematode hotspots in rice and vegetables crops in different agro-climatic regions of the country 

Significant achievement

  • Validation trial on IPM conducted in  rice  cropping system  rice  in 205 ha at Three main villages, Chikadakatte of Davangere district, Purule and Pillangeri, from Shivamogga district, which were considered as hot spots for the incidence of M. graminicola and hence, these spots were chosen for the IPM experiment on paddy indicated highest yield in IPM.

  • There is an enhancement of yield up to 12 quintals/ha.

  • Drastic reduction in the number of galls  Meloidogyne graminicola

  • Reduction in number of pesticide sprays from 8 to 2.

  • The incidence of blast disease and Stem borer was minimum and natural enemies were increased.

  • Safe Use Of pesticides was disseminated to pesticide dealers, farmers, student and other extension personnel.

  • Public Private Partnership Proposal for large scale extension of IPM in Long Size rice received from Dawat Food Ltd (a subsidiary of LT Foods ltd) in 20,000 ha involving 1300 farmers of Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh is under consideration at Institute Level.

  • Another Public Private Partnership Proposal for large scale extension of IPM in Basmati rice in Haryana, Utter Pradesh Madhya Pradesh and eastern part of Utter Pradesh was received from Nature Bi Food in 50,000 ha involving 3000 farmers of under consideration at scientist level.

Cotton

Synthesis and validation of IPM strategy for emerging pests of cotton

Significant achievement

  • Sowing of Lucerne as trap crop (one row per plot) along with application of Neembaan (Azadirachtin based preparation) and acephate, alternately were found effective for management of mirif bug.

  • Validated IPM in Bt cotton in 20 ha by participation of 32 farmers and its comparison with non-pesticide farmers’ practice (NPFP) and farmers’ practices (FP) at Nidani, Alewa, Mohangarh Chapra and Rajpura Bhend villages of Jind district of Haryanawith BG II Bt cotton (Bioseed 6588) indicated highest yield in NPFP followed by IPM and FP.

  • Organized Cotton Day on 17 Sept 2016 at Nidani (Jind, Haryana) to popularize IPM in cotton.

Validation of IPM strategy in cotton in whitefly hot spots of Fazilka

Significant achievement

  • IPM implementation in cotton resulted in significant reduction in pesticides applications [13 sprays (10.61 kg ai/ha) in farmers’ practices (FP) against 3 sprays (1.2 kg ai/ha) in IPM]

  • Cost of inputs [₹/ha 77700.60 and 107241.40 in IPM and FP, respectively] with higher net income [₹/ha 98358.16 in IPM against 34841.10 in FP] as well as benefit-cost ratio [2.27 and 1.32 in IPM and FP fields respectively].

  • IPM also resulted to conservation of natural enemies.

Pulses

Development of IPM strategies for emerging pests of pigeonpea and chickpea

Significant achievement

    Pigeonpea

  • Seed treatment (Rhizobium + PSB + Carbendazim + Thiram) + Spray at 45-60 DAS (Carbendazim + Mancozeb) emerged best treatment to manage the  Macrophomina and Phytophthora disease.

    Chickpea

  • Seed treatment with Bacillus subtilis + Rhizobium + PSB provided best cover against  vascular diseases  in chickpea and yielded 1250k/ha

Other activities

  • IPM package for pigeon pea and chick pea was implemented on large scale at farmer’s field. The results revealed higher yield in IPM package over farmers practice

  • Monitoring of key pests (Helicoverpa, Maruca, Jassids, Wilt and Phytopthora) was carried out on regular basis in all the 7 talukas  of Gulbarga  and suggested relevant advisories to DAC.

  • Field efficacy of Bt formulation  developed by NBAIR, Bengaluru was tested in n farmers participatory mode and found  effective in management of Lepidopteran insects


  Horticultural Crops

Synthesis    and    validation   of   sustainable and   adaptable    IPM technology for cucurbitaceous vegetable crops   

Significant achievements

  • Successful demonstration of IPM in bitter gourd on over 40 ha area implemented in Karnal District, Haryana.

  • Implementation of IPM technology resulted in reduced incidence of begomovirus to 37.7 % as compared to 47.7 % in non-IPM fields.

  • Erection of cue lure traps @ 12/ha was most effective intervention in the management of fruit fly and reduced incidence to 2.3% from 9.5% in FP fields.

  • Cymoxanil 8% + mancozeb 64 % (Curzet 72 WP) was effective in managing downy mildew in cucumber and bitter gourd.

  • Implementation of IPM technology resulted in increasing the bitter gourd yields to 187.4 q/ha compared to 174.5 q/ha observed in farmers’ fields.

  • CBR in bitter gourd was high 1:1:91 than 1:1:68 obtained by farmers who did not follow IPM.

  • Red pumpkin beetle was very well managed by using neem oil 0.15% (1500 ppm) with sticker in cucumber and bottle gourd crops

  • Bitter gourd fruits collected from farmers fields at harvest had higher pesticides content (>MRL) than from IPM fields.

Formulation, validation and promotion of adaptable IPM technology for onion crop  

                                                                            

Significant achievements

  • Successful validation of IPM in onion rabi and kharif crop carried out on over 20 ha area in Pune District, Maharashtra.

  • In kharif onion crop, IPM carried out in collaboration with DOGR, Pune, chemical sprays were reduced to three from 10 in FP fields.

  • Use of FYM @ 20 t/ha, vermi compost @ 2.5 t/ha, neem cake 0.75 t/ha and use of rice husk ash, seed treatment with Trichoderma and need based application of spinosad 45 SC at 50 DAT at Karnal, though reduced thrips population but yields were reduced in onion organic (non-chemical) field than IPM fields.

  • Implementation of IPM technology resulted in marginal increase in yield at Pune, Maharashtra.

  • Crop produce was free of any pesticide residue at harvest.

Management of chilli leaf curl

Significant achievement  

  • Spray with diafenthiuron 50 WP followed by spiromesifen, buprofezin 25 SC, pyriproxifen + fenpropathrin, neem 10000 ppm @, fenpropathrin 30 EC, dimethoate 30 EC and diafenthiuron 50 WP recorded lowest leaf curl index of 1.7 at Nimpith, West Bengal

  • At Indore, fenpropathrin 30 EC, dimethoate 30 % EC, diafenthiuron 50 WP, spiromesifen 22.9 SC, buprofezin 25 SC, pyriproxifen 5 % EC + fenpropathrin 15 EC, neem and fenpropathrin 30 EC proved highly effective in management leaf curl with disease index of 1.9 against 5.0 n untreated control

  • Fifty % and 75 % of the samples analyzed respectively from West Bengal and Indore were positive for chilli leaf curl virus strain using specific primers.

Validation and promotion of integrated pest management in tomato cropping system

Significant achievement

  • IPM in Tomato has been successfully implemented in 26 acre in a cluster of 6 villages viz. (Mallpur, Gharkatara, Niyazpur, Allipur, Saiyadpur, Sarbatpur) by participation of 20 farmers.  Farmer Participatory IPM implementation includes replacement of variety Arka Samrat (13 Acre) & Arka Rakshak (13 Acre) (IIHR, Bengaluru) resulted 10 percent more yield significant reduction in incidence root-knot nematode population

  • By Healthy nursery raising reduces losses up to 30 percent

  •  Seedling Treatment mortality is reduced more than 5 percent

  •  Cost of cultivation is reduced nearly by 30 percent

  • Number of pesticide spray reduced from 12 to 3

  • Number of natural enemies are increased by three folds than farmer practice

Development and validation of IPM strategies for mandarin orchards under semi-arid (Punjab and Rajasthan) and North Eastern Regions of India

Significant achievement

Salient findings/observations in the development and validation of IPM module in Kinnow in the North Western Region

  • The observations revealed that pest incidence was greatly reduced after implementation of IPM components. In addition beneficial organisms such as coccinellids and spider population were also significantly higher in IPM orchards as compared to non IPM orchards.

  • Number of pesticide sprays, amount of pesticide used (Kg/ha) and cost of plant protection (Rs/ha) were also significantly lower in IPM (9.1, 8.66 and 23,289 respectively) as compared to non IPM (16.4, 14.10 and 34,860 respectively) orchards.

  • Representative samples of Trichoderma harzianum and Pseudomonas fluorescence   was drawn. These culture slants were sent to National Research Center for Citrus, Nagpur (Maharashtra) for molecular characterization and to Division of Plant Pathology, IARI for identification. The strains were identified as T. harzianum and idendofiaction on Pseudomonas fluorescences is awaited

  • The product was sequenced bidirectionally (Eurofins, Bangalore).

  • The ITS sequence obtained was:>Ganganagar isolate (99% identity with NCBI Gen Bank database sequence Trichoderma harzianum KU145463)

Management of greening disease of kinnow mandarin.

  • Minimum disease incidence was observed in foliar application of streptomycin @ 250ppm + penicillin @ 1000ppm. Maximum fruits and yield per plant were also observed in this treatment which was at par with foliar application of KH2PO4 (Potassium dihydrogen phosphate) @ 0.1 per cent. This treatment found best for management of greening disease.

Comparison of healthy and infected trees due to Phytophthora gummosis/root rots

  • Losses in fruit yield with 75 % diseases incidence was found to be 33 per cent

Salient findings/observations in the development and validation of IPM module in Khasi mandarin NER

  • Three IPM module comprising of need based application of bio pesticides and reduced risk pesticides, their safe use, scouting and monitoring of the pests, adoption of better proper cultural practices, proper orchard sanitation and mechanical methods of pest management was implemented at experimental research farm and at farmers filed in comparison to farmers practice consisting of Smearing of Bordeaux paste on the tree trunk up to 1m from the ground level with gum and spraying of dimethoate 30 EC @ 0.05% in the month of March-April. Among the three IPM modules tested, Module II proved to be the most effective with minimum disease/ pest’s incidence and highest fruit yield and B: C ratio.

  • Trunk borer (Anoplophor aversteegi), bark eating caterpillar (Inderbelaquadrinotata), citrus butterfly (Papiliospp.), leaf miner (Phyllocnistiscitrella), blackfly (Aleurocanthuswoglumi), whitefly (Dialeurodescitri), psylla(Diaphorinacitri), fruit fly (Dacusdorsalis) etc. among the insects and Phytophthora Foot Rot, Twig Blight, Citrus Greening, Citrus scab, Pre-mature Fruit drop among the diseases were the major pests.

  • 25 farmers participated in the evaluation of the IPM strategy. Farmers' perceptions and preferences of using this IPM module II were excellent. On farm trials were set up in Wathoi, Margherita, and Kakopothar area of the Tinsukia district. The farmer participation was aimed at ensuring sustainability of the technologies.

Protected cultivation

Multi-location IPM technology validation for protected cultivation through network approach

 Significant achievement

  • Increase in  fruit weight, yield and good quality of tomato and capsicum were found under poly-house conditions

  • Less infestation of whitefly, aphid and mealybug was found  inside the polyhouses

  • Weekly treatment of Verticillium lecanii was found quite effective for the management of sucking pests

  • Minor Phythopthera infestation was recorded, which was managed by the soil treatment of T. harzianum by ventury along with irrigation

  • Carbendazim (50% WP) was also supplemented for the management of soil borne diseases

  • Good marketable yield of tomato and capsicum was achieved; on an average it was 9.5 kg/plant and 3.6 kg/plant respectively of tomato and capsicum with bigger fruit sizes, in comparison to , poor plant growth with reduced yield was observed i.e. only 3.3 kg/plant yield of toamto and 1.6 kg/plant yield of capsicum was recorded with comparatively smaller fruit sizes in open field

Oilseed

Synthesis, validation and popularization of integrated pest management technology for groundnut crop

Significant achievement

  • Location specific eco-friendly IPM technology for the management of key biotic stresses of groundnut crop in the agro eco-system of Anantapur, Kadiri, Andhra Pradesh and Junagarh, Gujarat has been synthesized and field validated.

  • The key biotic stresses of Anantapur, Kadiri, Andhra Pradesh was observed as - leaf miner and thrips among the insect pests; collar rot, PSND, late leaf spot among diseases and of Junagarh, Gujarat was - sucking pests - thrips and jassids; key diseases - collar rot, stem rot and leaf spot (early and late).

  • At Junagarh, the treatment consisting of deep summer ploughing upto 8 inches + Soil solarisation with polythene sheet (aprrox 175 µm) + Grow 3-4 rows of Bajra (border crop) and Castor (trap crop) @ 250 g seeds each per ha mixed with groundnut seeds + Seed treatment (with mancozeb 3g/kg seeds + Imidacloprid 600 FS @ 1 ml/kg seeds + Rhizobium @ 625 g/ha seed) + Application of Trichoderma harzianum (DGR Junagadh strain T-170; cfu 1x106/g) enriched FYM (50kg FYM with 4 kg Trichoderma/ha) 20 days before sowing and applying in seed furrow + Pheromone trap as mass trapping (@25 traps/ha each for Helicoverpa and Spodoptera) + Hand picking and destroying of egg masses/ gregarious larvae + NSKE @ 5% at 20-30 DAS + Difenoconazole 1 ml/lit (application if ELS/LLS/Rust scores crosses 3 rating scale) + Avoiding end of season drought  (at pod maturity time) + Harvesting at right maturity + Sorting of plants from diseased/infected + Drying of pods exposing at sun light + Avoiding mixing of collected pods with handpicked pods + Drying of pods below 9% moisture content and storing in dry place. It was found effective in comparison to control.

  • Location specific-IPM technology was also demonstrated in other locations viz., Anantapur and Kadiri, Andhra Pradesh.

Development and validation of prioritized component-wise IPM package in Indian mustard

Significant achievement  

  • Soil incorporation of Trichoderma harzianum 1% (IIHR-Th-2 strain; cfu 2x106 /g) @2.5 kg/ha pre-incubated in 50 kg FYM before sowing was found better over control.

  • Seed treatment with T. harzianum (IIHR-Th-2 strain; cfu: 2x106/g) @1% or fresh aqueous garlic bulb extract (2% w/v) were at par for disease management.

  • Minimum white rust was recorded in foliar spray of fresh aqueous garlic bulb extract (2%) at 60 days after sowing with higher seed yield.

  • Foliar spray with thiamethoxam 25WG @0.01% gave reduction of aphid (Lipaphiserysimi) population and resulting higher returns.

Biocontrol

Development and validation of innovative IPM tools and techniques

Significant achievement

  • IPM technologies and gadgets for insect pest management viz., “Light trap safer to beneficial insects” (Patent application No. 1822); “Light trap for managing insects” have been further refined and standardized during the present year.
  • With farmers’ participatory mode of approach, The improved insect light traps had been demonstrated in Paddy, sugarcane, mango, Ber, Tomato, Chickpea, sorghum crops on the farmers’ fields with farmers’ participatory mode of approach in different locations.

  • The technology of improved insect light trap had already been commercialized and licenses have been issued to two firms.

  • During this year 5 patents have been granted to ICAR-NCIPM (three national and two International Patents) by the concerned National and International Patent offices.

Tribal Sub-Plan

Validation and promotion of integrated pest management in different cropping system in tribal farmers’ participatory mode

Significant achievement

  • Collection of baseline information collected from these areas indicated that these tribal farmers.

  • Critical inputs like Bioagentsviz ;Tricodermaharzianum , Paeceliomyces lilacinus , Pseudomonas fluorescence and Bacillus subtilis and Carbofuran , Carbendazim , Tricyclazoles and pheromone traps were distributed to the tribals.

  • Entrepreneurship training programme to tribal farmers on bio-control agents, UAHS, Shivamogga

  • Mushroom cultivation training, integrated farming systems, bee keeping, vermicomposting, and protected cultivation, preparation of Bordeaux mixture, value addition of products and importance of balanced nutrition for children, pregnant women and elders were also conducted.

  • Pictorial guide of Rice and vegetable crops were distributed to them.

  • Technological support for IPM of Khasi mandarin orchards for higher production of oranges throughout in adopted tribal villages

  • Rejuvenation process & harvesting of Orange after Rejuvenation Programme

  • Pest and disease management of large cardamom from organic perspectives by incorporating the Package of Practices

  •  Inputs like quality suckers of large cardamom, Trichoderma viride, copper oxy-chloride, neem oil, neem cake, biofertilizer, plastic pipe, spray machines etc were distributed to the farmers

  • Quality ginger rhizomes (Bhaishe), bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides and bio-fungicides were distributed during the programme. Farmers were given a hand on training and demonstration with complete packages of practices on the spot in the field.

Promotion of integrated pest management modules under vegetable production system in tribal areas of Rajasthan

Significant achievement

  • Baseline information collected from the farmers of Achalpuri (Alwar) indicated that out of total population of 979 (males-511; females- 468), Schedule tribes (ST) comprises 846 (86.41%) and the cultivators comprises 259 (Owner or co-owner) with an average 0.2 to 0.4 ha land holding. Farmers were not aware of IPM tactics and plant parasitic nematodes, Root knot nematodes, fruit and shoot borer are the major pests.

  • Kanor (Alwar), another village selected under TSP, is having 113 families with population of 620 of which 218 representing SC and 326 representing ST (as per Population Census 2011). The village has lower literacy rate (53.85 %)as compared to Rajasthan (66.11 %) and male literacy stands at 70.88 % while female literacy rate was 36.68%.

  • Kanor, most of the farmers grow brinjal and a few farmers also grow tomato and tinda (Indian round gourd or apple gourd or Indian baby pumpkin). In brinjal root knot nematode has been projected as a major pest by most of the farmers followed by brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Farmers are dependent on chemical pesticides to contain these pests.  

  • In both the villages training was organized in collaboration with KVK Navgaon for the farmers to apprise them about soil solarization, fortification of FYM with Trichoderma and Pseudomonas and IPM in brinjal.

  • At Achalpuri the farmers were provided with polythene sheets for soil solarization and Trichoderma (powder formulation) for fortification of FYM. In Kanor village the farmers were provided with brinjal seeds (Krishna-Golden seeds; Kalash seeds-F1 hybrid; &Shamli-Seminis) and one packet (1 kg) of Trichoderma.

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