Synthesis and validation of IPM modules
Validation and promotion of location specific IPM module in rice based cropping system
IPM module for Basmati rice was validated in village Bambawad, Guatam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh in 40 ha area during 2010-13.
Efforts were made to promote validated IPM module in Basmati rice (Pusa Basmati 1121) around
village Bambawad in district Gautam Budh Nagar, UP by organizing Farmers’ Field Schools (FFSs) which resulted in its horizontal spread in 990.40 ha in a cluster of 42 villages by participation of 654 farmers.
Incidence/population of major insect pests [YSB, leaf folder (LF) and brown plant hopper (BPH)] and diseases [Sheath blight, bacterial leaf blight (BLB) and bakanae] remained significantly low in IPM as compared to farmers’ practice (FP). IPM interventions led
to conserve the natural enemies especially spiders, 3.39 adults/hill in IPM as compared to 1.76 adults/hill in
FP. No. of chemical sprays were reduced to 0.2 spray (a.i. 28.2 g/ha) in IPM against 2 sprays (a.i. 79.87 g/ha) in
IPM module was also synthesised and validated in 60 ha at Laxar, Haridwar, Uttrakhand
in Basmati rice . At Laksar, no. of chemical sprays were reduced to 2.0 (a.i. 347.5 g/ha) as compared to 5.8 sprays (a.i. 1870 g/ha) in
On-Farm validation and demonstration of IPM modules were
also carried out in semi-deep water rice (Varshadhan variety) and upland rice in 20 ha and 25 ha at Santoshpur, Balasore, Odisha and Harem Hazaribag, Jharkhand respectively.
Large scale implementation of IPM module for basmati rice in farmers’ participatory mode
IPM module developed by the institute was implemented on large scale in basmati rice in farmers’ participatory mode under a
consultancy project with M/S Tilda Hain India Pvt Ltd.
IPM module was implemented in 15623 ha of Basmati rice (Pusa Basmati-1) in Jind, Kaithal, Kurukshetra, Yamunanagar and Panipat districts of Haryana and Fateh Garh Sahib and Patiala
districts of Punjab, by participation of 2462 farmers in 396 villages during kharif 2019.
IPM coverage in Haryana, Punjab, UP & Uttarakhand: 18000 ha (approx.)
Validation and promotion of IPM in cotton based cropping system in kinnow growing region
Validated cotton IPM technology in farmers’ participatory mode in approx. 120
ha area in whitefly hot spot in North Zone during 2019.
Implementation of IPM resulted in reduction of no. of pesticide applications, active ingredient
by 87.37% and pesticides cost by 43.58% in IPM as compared to FP. Implementation
of IPM also resulted in increase of yield by 43.88% and net return by 99.92%, with high benefit cost ratio as compared to FP.
Implementation of IPM also resulted in increase of natural enemies (predators) population by >276 % (0.79/plant in
IPM and 0.21/plant in FP) as ompared to FP.
Imparted training to IPM farmers on identification and monitoring of pest and natural enemies; ETL;
judicious use of safer pesticides through Farmers field schools organised at regular intervals.
Successfully managed ClCuD affected cotton fields by the foliar application of potassium nitrate (NPK 13.0.45 @ 2%) at
weekly interval and obtained normal seed cotton yield.
Validation of IPM strategy in cotton in whitefly hot spot of Fazilkaa
Cotton IPM strategy was validated in whitefly hotspot, village Nihalkhera, Fazilka, Punjab in farmers’
participatory mode in around 3 ha area during 2016-17.
IPM implementation in cotton resulted in significant reduction (>80 %) in pesticides
applications i.e. 3 sprays (1.2 kg ai/ha) in IPM as compared to 13 sprays (10.61 kg ai/ha) in FP and cost of inputs ₹ 77700.60/ha in
IPM as compared to ₹107241.40/ha in FP. IPM also resulted in conservation of natural enemies.
Validation and promotion of cotton IPM with major emphasis on pink bollworm
Validated IPM technology in Bt cotton in farmer’s participatory mode in
25 ha in pink bollworm hotspot, Wakhari village of Jalna district in
Central Zone during kharif 2018 and was continued in 30 ha area in kharif 2019.
FFSs and awareness programmes were organized at 15-30 days
interval in village Wakhari and KVK, Jalna during the
crop season for dissemination of integrated pest management strategies.
Synthesis and validation of IPM strategy for emerging pests of cotton.
Validated IPM technology in farmer’s participatory mode in cotton, more than 30 ha area for mirid bug in
Southern Zone and more than 40 ha for sucking pest complex in North Zone.
Trained IPM farmers about identification and monitoring of pest and natural enemies,
ETL and judicious use of safer pesticides through FFSs organized at regular intervals.
To popularize the IPM technology, awareness was created to develop the skills of the farmers
( more than 200) about the pest and natural enemies identification, nature of damage and application of
IPM components by organizing cotton day at different villages of Jind district.
Accelerated Pulses Production programme (A3P) under NFSM
The IPM programme was implemented in six states covering 16443.62 ha under pigeonpea, chickpea,
mung, urd and lentil in major pulse growing areas identified under NFSM.
Under the programme, Nuclear IPM villages (173) were developed to validate and demonstrate effectiveness of different IPM strategies.
Implementation of IPM has resulted in coverage of 9775.12 ha in Karnataka,
2584.4 ha in Maharashtra, 300 ha in Madhya Pradesh, 800 ha in Andhra Pradesh, 2571 ha in Uttar Pradesh and
1000 ha in Jharkhand benefitting 11098 farmers growing pigeonpea, chickpea, mung, urd and lentil.
Farmers got an opportunity to experience the importance of micronutrients,
bio-fertilizers, bio-fungicides and synthetic fertilizers in increasing the yield and quality
of grain. Use of improved varieties helped in reduction of pest infestation and disease incidence to the tune of 25-40%.
Established centralized National Pest Reporting and Alert System
through networking of pulse growers so as to provide timely and correct pest management
advisories to them, based on pest situation in their fields. This helped them in reducing the number of sprays and cost of plant protection.
Synthesis and validation of location specific eco-friendly IPM technology for groundnut crop for different agro-eco-systems
Location specific eco-friendly IPM technology was validated for groundnut crop in Junagarh, Gujarat and Anantapur,
Andhra Pradesh in farmers’ participatory mode.
Pod yield was 9.09 q/ha in IPM as compared to 8.63 q/ha in FP in Ananatapur, Andhra Pradesh.
Development and Validation prioritized component-wise integrated pest management package in Indian mustard (2014-2017)
Mustard IPM package including microbial, botanical and chemical pesticide was
evaluated at three locations (Rajpur Khurd, New Delhi, IARI, New Delhi and RARI, Durgapura, Jaipur) during three crop seasons (2014–17)
for mitigation of crop stresses and to obtain accurate assessments for seed yields and economic benefits.
Soil augmentation as well as seed treatment with Trichoderma strains and spray of thiamethoxam was found better
than control in reducing the aphids & white rust disease and increasing the yield.
While validating the component-wise IPM package for mustard, seed treatment with garlic extract (2% w/v)
proved the most viable technology in terms of returns.
Each additional rupee invested in adoption of IPM mustard technology gave INR
5.1 in return thus giving good economic logic for adoption of this technology.
Mustard IPM was included in Package of Practices for Zone IIIa (Jaipur,
Ajmer, Tonk and Dausa) of Rajasthan by SDA, Rajasthan, during ZREAC meeting of Rabi,
2017-18 and now widely adopted by the intended users.
Large scale validation of IPM package along with crop growth stage was made in Mohindergarh (Haryana) and Alwar
(Rajasthan) district in 60 ha during 2014-17.
Implementation of IPM technology in mustard based-cropping system
Experiments were conducted at RRS, Bawal, Rewari, Haryana and KVK, Navgaon, Alwar, Rajasthan for synthesis
and validation of IPM in Mustard during 2017-19.
Large-scale implementation of validated IPM in mustard was carried out in farmers’ participatory mode in 20 ha area in village Kabalana, Jhajjar and Mohmadpur, Alwar during 2018-19. Key pests were broomrape, Sclerotinia rot, white rust,
mustard aphid, painted bug and Alternaria blight. IPM technology of mustard performed better than FP.
While validating the component-wise IPM package for mustard, seed treatment with garlic extract (2% w/v)
proved the most viable technology in terms of returns.
Validation and promotion of sustainable and adaptable IPM technology in horticultural crops
IPM module for bitter gourd was validated in more than 40 ha area in Karnal, Haryana and 12 ha area in
villages Mahagoan and Basartpur, Varanashi, Uttar Pradesh.
Implementation of IPM resulted in lesser number of chemical sprays 5.5 in IPM as compared
to 8.5 in FP and an increased yield of 187.4 q/ha in IPM in karnal and reduction in number
of chemical sprays to 7 and increase in yield 187 q/ ha in Varanasi.
Successfully demonstrated IPM technology for bottle gourd crop in 60 ha area in District Karnal (Haryana).
Implementation of IPM technology resulted in increasing the bottle gourd yields to 38.82 t/ha compared to 24.3 t/ha
observed in farmers’ fields. CBR in bottle gourd was high 1:3.87 than 1:2.40 obtained by farmers who did not follow IPM.
Red pumpkin beetle was very well managed by using neem oil 0.15% (1500 ppm) with sticker.
Integrated Management of fruit fly successfully undertaken in more >1000 acres area in Haryana.
Large area adoption for integrated management of fruit flies made IPM more and more acceptable and adoptable
by farmers thereby fast increasing the spread and percolation of IPM technologies in Haryana.
Training of farmers entailed increased levels of knowledge base for the adopted farming families.
IPM technology for bulb onion crop was validated in 10 ha area in
village Wadgaon Sahani in Rabi and Khairewad in Kharif of district Pune,
Maharashtra. IPM technology in onion was also validated in village Singoha-Rambha of Karnal district.
Implementation of IPM resulted in reduction of chemical pesticide sprays from 10.0 to 3.0 with higher
CBR of 1:1.9 in IPM during Rabi and Kharif. Implementation of IPM technology resulted in marginal increase in yield.
Growing organic onion (non-chemical) resulted in reduced yields/production of onion crop in Karnal, Haryana.
Development and validation of IPM strategies for mandarin orchards
IPM modules comprising need based application of bio pesticides and reduced risk pesticides; scouting and monitoring
of the pests; adoption of better cultural practices and mechanical methods of pest
management was validaed at Panjkosi village, Fazilika, Punjab and Citrus Research Station, Tinsukia, Assam.
Implementation of IPM resulted in increased fruit yield 272 q/ha in Fazilka, Punjab and 131.8 kg/tree in Tinsukia, Assam.
Focus was on management of Phytophthora, Greening disease and sucking pests.
Protected cultivation and biocontrol
Multi-location IPM technology validation for protected cultivation through network approach
Implementation of IPM resulted in increase in fruit weight, yield and good quality of tomato,
cucumber and capsicum under poly-house conditions.
Less infestation of whitefly, aphid and mealybug was found inside the poly-houses.
Weekly treatment of Verticillium lecanii was found quite effective for the management of sucking pests.
Minor Phythopthera infestation was recorded, which was managed by the soil treatment of T. harzianum by ventury along with irrigation.
Carbendazim (50% WP) was also supplemented for the management of soil borne diseases.
Soil solarisation with 25 micron polyethylene transparent sheet during peak summer months (May-June) followed
by neem cake at 800 kg/4000 m2 fortified with bio-agents (Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma harzianum)
reduced root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) population up to 100%.
Good marketable yield of tomato and capsicum (average marketable fruit weight 300g)
was achieved; on an average it was 9.5 kg/plant and 3.6 kg/plant respectively for tomato and capsicum with bigger fruit size as compared to 3.3 kg/plant
of tomato and 1.6 kg/plant of capsicum with smaller fruit size in open field. Average yield of cucumber per plant was recorded 4.2 kg.
Implementation of IPM under poly house reduced application of pesticides up to 70% in coloured capsicum with higher B-C ratio 1:3.46.
Development and validation of innovative IPM tools and techniques
IPM gadgets for insect pest management viz. 'Light trap for managing insects' was further refined and standardized.
The improved insect light trap was demonstrated in Paddy, sugarcane, mango, Ber, Tomato, Chickpea,
sorghum crops in farmers’ participatory mode in different locations.
Five patents (three national and two International) for IPM gadgets have been granted to ICAR-NCIPM.
Development and promotion of technologies for on-farm mass production of bio-pesticides
A specific and selective culture medium was developed for T. harzianum.
Grain (flour) based culture medium was developed for mass multiplication of different bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis,
Bacillus thuringiensis, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Azotobacter sp., Rhizobium sp. and Azospirillum sp.
Liquid formulation in form of small ampules of Trichoderma sp. and different bacteria
have been developed to provide as mother culture for mass production.
Biogels of different microbes were developed, with high density of CFU (2.0 x 10^12).
Shelf life of T. harzianum in ampules was recorded up to 11 months, which was 2 x 10^9.
Twenty four FFSs were organized to demonstrate the procedure of “On farm
mass-production of microbial bio-agents” and thus 46 farmers were able to mass produce bio-agents
using our technology. Around 1300 ampules have been distributed among farmers and NGO workers.
Database and electronic networking
Crop Pest Surveillance and Advisory Project (CROPSAP) - Maharashtra
Implementation of mobile based mCROPSAP project was continuously facilitated across target crops
over 110 lakh ha in Maharashtra in collaboration with State Department of Agriculture.
Need (economic threshold level -ETL) based pest management advisories were
formulated for each target crop and updated during each season in discussion with SAUs of Maharashtra in
detailed and brief formats for dissemination through SMS to the registered farmers.
Surveillance and awareness programmes are organized for the invasive insect fall
armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda) since 2018 with its practices of management disseminated. One out of 8.84 lakh ha of kharif maize had FAW infestations and
99% of the infested fields were treated timely using insecticides with label claim in 2019.
Web and mobile apps on insecticide fungicide calculations
were developed and released in English and Marathi for the target crops
(rice, soybean, cotton, rice, pigeonpea, chickpea, maize, sugarcane and sorghum).
Bilingual (English & Marathi) maize pesticide calculator aiding in calculations of
insecticide/fungicide/herbicide quantity required for a given farm area based on recommended dosages and dilution
with water and method of application has been developed and hosted on Google play store.
Horticultural Crop Pests Surveillance and Advisory Project (HORTSAP)-Maharashtra
Web based pest surveillance and advisory system developed under
the project was enhanced as per the project requirements. ICT based pest surveillance was extended to 23 districts covering 3, 15,104 ha for six
crops viz., pomegranate, banana, Nagpur mandarin, sweet orange, Sapota and mango during 2019-20.
Implementation of IPM strategies was facilitated through the system in collaboration
with SAUs, ICAR institutes and State Department of Horticulture, Maharashtra.
Three trainings on identification of pests, village registration, data recording and entry into the system
were conducted for the project staff during 2019.
2146 no of advisories were issued to farmers in between January 2019 to May 2019 and 550 no. of advisories were
issued to farmers in December 2019 for timely application of pest management options.
ICT based Pest Surveillance and Advisory Services for Selected Horticultural Crops in Haryana
Mobile based pest surveillance and Advisory System for selected
horticultural crops Tomato, Cucurbits, Crucifers and Kinnow was designed and developed.
The system comprised of a mobile app for pest data capture and a web based pest reporting and advisory application.
System was successfully implemented in an area of 9375 ha belonging to Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panipat,
Sonepat, Gurugram, Mewat, Fatehabad and Hisar districts of Haryana during 2018-19.
Two trainings on pest identification, recording pest observations and various operations of the system were conducted at
HTI, Uchani, Karnal for the project staff.
System captured 15841 pest data entries during 2019. Total 5778 farmers were registered
into the system for receiving pest management advisories during the year. 1374 ETL based pest management
advisories were disseminated to the registered farmers via 2, 05,170 of SMSs sent on their mobile phones.
Development of Mobile based Pest Management Information System for Brinjal and Tomato: PMIS 2.0
Android based Mobile apps (PMIS v 2.0) for pest management in Brinjal and Tomato crops were developed in Hindi and English languages.
Apps provide timely and correct information for pest management in Brinjal and
Tomato corps to the farmers and extension workers and are available on Google Play store.
Pest forecasting and forewarning
Pest dynamics in relation to climate change
ICT based Real Time Pest Dynamic (RTPD) studies for four crops across 24 locations viz., rice (7), pigeonpea (6), groundnut (5) and tomato (6)) from 12 agro ecological regions of 10 agro-climatic
zones amongst 11 States were implemented till 2016 since 2011 with continuation of eight locations till 2020
Multi location-multi season database on climate and pest scenario developed for 24 locations, twenty-three and fifteen in respect of kharif and rabi, respectively.
Trends of climatic variability for annual and seasonal periods with their magnitude quantified for recent periods (2011-16) for 24 locations deciphering climate change to be a happening phenomenon at all locations.
Field level impact of climatic variability was worked out for gall midge, blackbug and parasitoid Tetrastichus on yellow stem borer at Aduthurai (TN), caseworm at Mandya (KA), stem borers at Ludhiana (PB) and panicle mite and false smut at Raipur (CG) on rice.
Co-existence among rice insects is largely space neutral even with significant differential climatic variability across locations among seasons indicating the adaptation of insects in their respective environment to changing climate.
In pigeonpea, rainfall variability influencing jassids and Phytophthora at Kalaburgi (KA), emerging pest of pod wasp at Vamban (TN), decreasing Fusarium wilt at Warangal (TS) and sterility mosaic at S.K. Nagar (GJ) were brought out.
Increasing maximum temperature and decreasing/fluctuating minimum temperature resulting in increased thrips infestation on groundnut was established through comparative studies across Dharwad (KA), Jalgaon (MH), Kadiri (AP), Vridhachalam (TN), and Junagadh (GJ).
Developed and validated weather indices based algorithm for target leaf spot of tomato at Kalyani (WB).
Projections of status of rice insect pests for future climate change periods for seven locations, jassids and thrips on groundnut at Kadiri (AP), Helicoverpa armigera for Vamban (TN) were made using representative concentration pathways (RCP)
Forecast models developed and validated for insects pests and diseases during kharif for Rice (14 nos); Pigeonpea (11 nos); Groundnut (10 nos) and tomato (15 nos) in respect of seven, six, five and seven locations and during rabi for Groundnut (19 nos)
Digital tools on pest forecasts were developed and hosted at ICAR-NCIPM; ICAR-Krishi portal and Google Play Store - mobile apps (android based) on pest predictions are: (1) Pestpredict-RBS (Vol.1); (2) Pestpredict-RBS (Vol.2) (three crops) ;(3) Pestpredict-EMS (kharif) (four crops) ; (4) Pestpredict –EMS (rabi) (one crop-Groundnut -four locations)
Mobile apps for insecticide and fungicide calculations (IFCs) - for 16 crops viz., Rice, Cotton, Pigeonpea, Groundnut, Tomato, Soybean, Chickpea, Chillies, Okra, Cabbage, Cauliflower, (Sugarcane +Mustard,+Wheat), Potato and Brinjal [available under krishiportal & Google Play store].
Forewarning of major crop pests on spatial scale for their integrated management
Developed and validated forewarning models for predicting crop age at first appearance of mustard aphid at Bharatpur and Hisar at block level with operationalisation of web-based system through vedas geo portal. (https://vedas.sac.gov.in/vedas_special/vedas_mustard_pest.html)
Hyper spectral data for yellow stem borer for rice at Cuttack, aphids on mustard at Bharatpur, leaf curl virus,
jassids and thrips infestations of cotton at Abohar- Fazilka and Jalna were collected.
Human Resource Development (HRD)
Trainings imparted to KVK personnel
Radio talk/TV presentation
Transfer of IPM technology
Participation in exhibitions