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IPM Modules
Synthesis and validation of IPM modules
Rice
Validation and promotion of location specific IPM module in rice based cropping system
  • IPM module for Basmati rice was validated in village Bambawad, Guatam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh in 40 ha area during 2010-13. Efforts were made to promote validated IPM module in Basmati rice (Pusa Basmati 1121) around village Bambawad in district Gautam Budh Nagar, UP  by organizing Farmers’ Field Schools (FFSs) which resulted in its horizontal spread in 990.40 ha in a cluster of 42 villages by participation of 654 farmers. Incidence/population of major insect pests [YSB, leaf folder (LF) and brown plant hopper (BPH)] and diseases [Sheath blight, bacterial leaf blight (BLB) and bakanae] remained significantly low in IPM as compared to farmers’ practice (FP). IPM interventions led to conserve the natural enemies especially spiders, 3.39 adults/hill in IPM as compared to 1.76 adults/hill in FP. No. of chemical sprays were reduced to 0.2 spray (a.i. 28.2 g/ha) in IPM against 2 sprays (a.i. 79.87 g/ha) in
  • IPM module was also synthesised and validated in 60 ha at Laxar, Haridwar, Uttrakhand in Basmati rice . At Laksar, no. of chemical sprays were reduced to 2.0 (a.i. 347.5 g/ha) as compared to 5.8 sprays (a.i. 1870 g/ha) in FP.
  • On-Farm validation and demonstration of IPM modules were also carried out in semi-deep water rice (Varshadhan variety) and upland rice in 20 ha and 25 ha at Santoshpur,  Balasore, Odisha and Harem Hazaribag, Jharkhand respectively.
rice field
Large scale implementation of IPM module for basmati rice in farmers’ participatory mode
  • IPM module developed by the institute was implemented on large scale in basmati rice in farmers’ participatory mode under a consultancy project with M/S Tilda Hain India Pvt Ltd.
  • IPM module was implemented in 15623 ha of Basmati rice (Pusa Basmati-1) in Jind, Kaithal, Kurukshetra, Yamunanagar and Panipat districts of Haryana and Fateh Garh Sahib and Patiala districts of Punjab, by participation of 2462 farmers in 396 villages during kharif 2019.
    IPM coverage in Haryana, Punjab, UP & Uttarakhand: 18000 ha (approx.)
Cotton
Validation and promotion of IPM in cotton based cropping system in kinnow growing region
  • Validated cotton IPM technology in farmers’ participatory mode in approx. 120 ha area in whitefly hot spot in North Zone during 2019.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in reduction of no. of pesticide applications, active ingredient by 87.37% and pesticides cost by 43.58% in IPM as compared to FP. Implementation of IPM also resulted in increase of yield by 43.88% and net return by 99.92%, with high benefit cost ratio as compared to FP.
  • Implementation of IPM also resulted in increase of natural enemies (predators) population by >276 % (0.79/plant in IPM and 0.21/plant in FP) as ompared to FP.
  • Imparted training to IPM farmers on identification and monitoring of pest and natural enemies; ETL; judicious use of safer pesticides through Farmers field schools organised at regular intervals.
  • Successfully managed ClCuD affected cotton fields by the foliar application of potassium nitrate (NPK 13.0.45 @ 2%) at weekly interval and obtained normal seed cotton yield.
 cotton field
Validation of IPM strategy in cotton in whitefly hot spot of Fazilkaa
  • Cotton IPM strategy was validated in whitefly hotspot, village Nihalkhera, Fazilka, Punjab in farmers’ participatory mode in around 3 ha area during 2016-17.
  • IPM implementation in cotton resulted in significant reduction (>80 %) in pesticides applications i.e. 3 sprays (1.2 kg ai/ha) in IPM as compared to 13 sprays (10.61 kg ai/ha) in FP and cost of inputs ₹ 77700.60/ha in IPM as compared to ₹107241.40/ha in FP. IPM also resulted in conservation of natural enemies.
Validation and promotion of cotton IPM with major emphasis on pink bollworm
  • Validated IPM technology in Bt cotton in farmer’s participatory mode in 25 ha in pink bollworm hotspot, Wakhari village of Jalna district in Central Zone during kharif 2018 and was continued in 30 ha area in kharif 2019.
  • FFSs and awareness programmes were organized at 15-30 days interval in village Wakhari and KVK, Jalna during the crop season for dissemination of integrated pest management strategies.
Synthesis and validation of IPM strategy for emerging pests of cotton.
  • Validated IPM technology in farmer’s participatory mode in cotton, more than 30 ha area for mirid bug in Southern Zone and more than 40 ha for sucking pest complex in North Zone.
  • Trained IPM farmers about identification and monitoring of pest and natural enemies, ETL and judicious use of safer pesticides through FFSs organized at regular intervals.
  • To popularize the IPM technology, awareness was created to develop the skills of the farmers ( more than 200) about the pest and natural enemies identification, nature of damage and application of IPM components by organizing cotton day at different villages of Jind district.
Pulses
Accelerated Pulses Production programme (A3P) under NFSM
  • The IPM programme was implemented in six states covering 16443.62 ha under pigeonpea, chickpea, mung, urd and lentil in major pulse growing areas identified under NFSM. Under the programme, Nuclear IPM villages (173) were developed to validate and demonstrate effectiveness of different IPM strategies.
  • Implementation of IPM has resulted in coverage of 9775.12 ha in Karnataka, 2584.4 ha in Maharashtra, 300 ha in Madhya Pradesh, 800 ha in Andhra Pradesh, 2571 ha in Uttar Pradesh and 1000 ha in Jharkhand benefitting 11098 farmers growing pigeonpea, chickpea, mung, urd and lentil.
  • Farmers got an opportunity to experience the importance of micronutrients, bio-fertilizers, bio-fungicides and synthetic fertilizers in increasing the yield and quality of grain. Use of improved varieties helped in reduction of pest infestation and disease incidence to the tune of 25-40%.
  • Established centralized National Pest Reporting and Alert System through networking of pulse growers so as to provide timely and correct pest management advisories to them, based on pest situation in their fields. This helped them in reducing the number of sprays and cost of plant protection.
  pulse field
Oilseed crops
Synthesis and validation of location specific eco-friendly IPM technology for groundnut crop for different agro-eco-systems
  • Location specific eco-friendly IPM technology was validated for groundnut crop in Junagarh, Gujarat and Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh in farmers’ participatory mode.
  • Pod yield was 9.09 q/ha in IPM as compared to 8.63 q/ha in FP in Ananatapur, Andhra Pradesh.
Development and Validation prioritized component-wise integrated pest management package in Indian mustard (2014-2017)
  • Mustard IPM package including microbial, botanical and chemical pesticide was evaluated at three locations (Rajpur Khurd, New Delhi, IARI, New Delhi and RARI, Durgapura, Jaipur) during three crop seasons (2014–17) for mitigation of crop stresses and to obtain accurate assessments for seed yields and economic benefits.
  • Soil augmentation as well as seed treatment with Trichoderma strains and spray of thiamethoxam was found better than control in reducing the aphids & white rust disease and increasing the yield.
  • While validating the component-wise IPM package for mustard, seed treatment with garlic extract (2% w/v) proved the most viable technology in terms of returns.
  • Each additional rupee invested in adoption of IPM mustard technology gave INR 5.1 in return thus giving good economic logic for adoption of this technology.
  • Mustard IPM was included in Package of Practices for Zone IIIa (Jaipur, Ajmer, Tonk and Dausa) of Rajasthan by SDA, Rajasthan, during ZREAC meeting of Rabi, 2017-18 and now widely adopted by the intended users.
  • Large scale validation of IPM package along with crop growth stage was made in Mohindergarh (Haryana) and Alwar (Rajasthan) district in 60 ha during 2014-17.
Implementation of IPM technology in mustard based-cropping system
  • Experiments were conducted at RRS, Bawal, Rewari, Haryana and KVK, Navgaon, Alwar, Rajasthan for synthesis and validation of IPM in Mustard during 2017-19.
  • Large-scale implementation of validated IPM in mustard was carried out in farmers’ participatory mode in 20 ha area in village Kabalana, Jhajjar and Mohmadpur, Alwar during 2018-19. Key pests were broomrape, Sclerotinia rot, white rust, mustard aphid, painted bug and Alternaria blight. IPM technology of mustard performed better than FP.
  • While validating the component-wise IPM package for mustard, seed treatment with garlic extract (2% w/v) proved the most viable technology in terms of returns.
Horticultural crops
Validation and promotion of sustainable and adaptable IPM technology in horticultural crops
Bitter Gourd
  • IPM module for bitter gourd was validated in more than 40 ha area in Karnal, Haryana and 12 ha area in villages Mahagoan and Basartpur, Varanashi, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in lesser number of chemical sprays 5.5 in IPM as compared to 8.5 in FP and an increased yield of 187.4 q/ha in IPM in karnal and reduction in number of chemical sprays to 7 and increase in yield 187 q/ ha in Varanasi.
Cucumber
  • Developed and validated IPM technology for cucumber crop in 40 ha area of District Karnal (Haryana). Implementation of IPM technology resulted in reduction of number of chemical sprays to 5.0 in IPM as against 12.0 in FP and higher yields 252.8 q/ha in IPM fields as as compared to yield 244.0 q/ha obtained in FP. Cymoxanil 8% + mancozeb 64 % (Curzet 72 WP) was effective in managing downy mildew in cucumber.
Bottle Gourd
  • Successfully demonstrated IPM technology for bottle gourd crop in 60 ha area in District Karnal (Haryana). Implementation of IPM technology resulted in increasing the bottle gourd yields to 38.82 t/ha compared to 24.3 t/ha observed in farmers’ fields. CBR in bottle gourd was high 1:3.87 than 1:2.40 obtained by farmers who did not follow IPM. Red pumpkin beetle was very well managed by using neem oil 0.15% (1500 ppm) with sticker.
  • Integrated Management of fruit fly successfully undertaken in more >1000 acres area in Haryana. Large area adoption for integrated management of fruit flies made IPM more and more acceptable and adoptable by farmers thereby fast increasing the spread and percolation of IPM technologies in Haryana. Training of farmers entailed increased levels of knowledge base for the adopted farming families.
Onion
  • IPM technology for bulb onion crop was validated in 10 ha area in village Wadgaon Sahani in Rabi and Khairewad in Kharif of district Pune, Maharashtra. IPM technology in onion was also validated in village Singoha-Rambha of Karnal district.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in reduction of chemical pesticide sprays from 10.0 to 3.0 with higher CBR of 1:1.9 in IPM during Rabi and Kharif. Implementation of IPM technology resulted in marginal increase in yield.
  • Growing organic onion (non-chemical) resulted in reduced yields/production of onion crop in Karnal, Haryana.
Bell Pepper
  • Demonstration of IPM in bell pepper carried out on an area of 54 ha in Karnal, Haryana. Implementation of IPM resulted in increased yield 362 q/ha in IPM as compared to from 113.1 q/ha in FP. Cost-Benefit Ratio (CBR) was exceptionally high 1:4.63 in IPM than 1:2.12 in FP.
Development and validation of IPM strategies for mandarin orchards
  • IPM modules comprising need based application of bio pesticides and reduced risk pesticides; scouting and monitoring of the pests; adoption of better cultural practices and mechanical methods of pest management was validaed at Panjkosi village, Fazilika, Punjab and Citrus Research Station, Tinsukia, Assam.
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in increased fruit yield 272 q/ha in Fazilka, Punjab and 131.8 kg/tree in Tinsukia, Assam.
    Focus was on management of Phytophthora, Greening disease and sucking pests.
Protected cultivation and biocontrol
Multi-location IPM technology validation for protected cultivation through network approach
  • Implementation of IPM resulted in increase in fruit weight, yield and good quality of tomato, cucumber and capsicum under poly-house conditions.
  • Less infestation of whitefly, aphid and mealybug was found inside the poly-houses.
  • Weekly treatment of Verticillium lecanii was found quite effective for the management of sucking pests.
  • Minor Phythopthera infestation was recorded, which was managed by the soil treatment of T. harzianum by ventury along with irrigation.
  • Carbendazim (50% WP) was also supplemented for the management of soil borne diseases.
  • Soil solarisation with 25 micron polyethylene transparent sheet during peak summer months (May-June) followed by neem cake at 800 kg/4000 m2 fortified with bio-agents (Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma harzianum) reduced root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) population up to 100%.
  • Good marketable yield of tomato and capsicum (average marketable fruit weight 300g) was achieved; on an average it was 9.5 kg/plant and 3.6 kg/plant respectively for tomato and capsicum with bigger fruit size as compared to 3.3 kg/plant of tomato and 1.6 kg/plant of capsicum with smaller fruit size in open field. Average yield of cucumber per plant was recorded 4.2 kg.
  • Implementation of IPM under poly house reduced application of pesticides up to 70% in coloured capsicum with higher B-C ratio 1:3.46.
Development and validation of innovative IPM tools and techniques
  • IPM gadgets for insect pest management viz. 'Light trap for managing insects' was further refined and standardized.
  • The improved insect light trap was demonstrated in Paddy, sugarcane, mango, Ber, Tomato, Chickpea, sorghum crops in farmers’ participatory mode in different locations.
  • Five patents (three national and two International) for IPM gadgets have been granted to ICAR-NCIPM.
 light trap
Development and promotion of technologies for on-farm mass production of bio-pesticides
  • A specific and selective culture medium was developed for T. harzianum.
  • Grain (flour) based culture medium was developed for mass multiplication of different bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Azotobacter sp., Rhizobium sp. and Azospirillum sp.
  • Liquid formulation in form of small ampules of Trichoderma sp. and different bacteria have been developed to provide as mother culture for mass production.
  • Biogels of different microbes were developed, with high density of CFU (2.0 x 10^12).
  • Shelf life of T. harzianum in ampules was recorded up to 11 months, which was 2 x 10^9.
  • Twenty four FFSs were organized to demonstrate the procedure of “On farm mass-production of microbial bio-agents” and thus 46 farmers were able to mass produce bio-agents using our technology. Around 1300 ampules have been distributed among farmers and NGO workers.